The purpose of this brief is to provide users with access to key electronic documentation tracing the emergence of Australia’s present competition policy regime over the past decade, as well as providing ready access to recent documentation which has been significant in the day to day implementation and review of the Policy. Australian competition policy dates from when the first Federal law dealing with restrictive practices was enacted. This was the Australian Industries Preservation Act , comparable with the US Sherman Act of in that it sought to prohibit monopolisation and other activities which restrained interstate trade or damaged Australian industries by unfair competition. However this legislation quickly fell into general disuse following a very restricted interpretation of the Commonwealth’s powers in Contemporary Australian competition policy stems from the Trade Practices Act. Although it required registration of trade agreements and contained scope for the disallowance of such agreements if contrary to the public interest, the Policy was relatively weak.
Current Class Actions
Information on the ages used historically in western age of consent laws is not readily available. This table has been compiled from a combination of historical and contemporary sources. By , the first date chosen, many western nations had established an age of consent for the first time, typically of 12 or 13 years.
By , when the influence of reform campaigns that established a new link between the age of consent and prostitution had run its course, most had revised their age upward, to 14 or 15 in European nations, and 16 in the Anglo-American world.
Date Filed, NPA & Sub-area, File Title, Docket Judge. 23 July Other Federal 27 October Administrative and Constitutional Law and Human Rights.
The Common Law is the law created by decisions of judges, which act as binding precedents for later decisions. It is a system that applies in many countries that inherited their legal system from England. Although now largely superseded by legislation at Commonwealth and State levels, the Common Law continues to provide important principles that directly impact upon and shape the Australian environmental legal system.
For example the concept of standing the legal right to commence court action has often been a major constraint on public interest litigation to protect the environment. Environmental legislation now often provides widened standing to protect the environment but where it does not the Common Law rules remain an obstacle. Native title, recognised by the High Court as part of the Common Law in Mabo v Queensland No 2 CLR 1, also has immensely important implications for the environmental legal system.
Rough justice: How police are failing survivors of sexual assault
What is the age of consent in Australia? Either 16 or 17, depending where you live. In most states and territories in Australia the legal age of sexual consent is In South Australian and Tasmania it is The reason for age of consent laws are for the protection of children from sexual predation and exploitation. Historically, the age of consent has varied throughout the world.
Intimate Image legislation creates offences to distribute an intimate image of a intimate image complaints which occurred prior to that date.
Sexual harassment is any unwanted or unwelcome sexual behaviour where a reasonable person would have anticipated the possibility that the person harassed would feel offended, humiliated or intimidated. It has nothing to do with mutual attraction or consensual behaviour. Sexual harassment is unlawful under the Sex Discrimination Act in different areas of public life, including employment, service delivery, accommodation and education.
Some types of sexual harassment may also be criminal offences. Example: A young woman was employed at a medical centre. A person who sexually harasses someone else is primarily responsible for their behaviour. However, in many cases, employers can also be held responsible for sexual harassment by their employees. Employers have a responsibility to take all reasonable steps to prevent sexual harassment in employment, such as implementing a sexual harassment policy and providing training or information on sexual harassment.
Home Quick guide Sexual Harassment. Examples of sexual harassment include: staring, leering or unwelcome touching suggestive comments or jokes unwanted invitations to go out on dates or requests for sex intrusive questions about a person’s private life or body unnecessary familiarity, such as deliberately brushing up against a person emailing pornography or rude jokes displaying images of a sexual nature around the workplace communicating content of a sexual nature through social media or text messages.
Ages of consent in Oceania
We endeavour to keep these documents up to date, but please note that the information in the Guides is not a substitute for legal advice. Please contact us for advice if you have a specific legal problem. Please consult your doctor to discuss what constitutes reasonable precautions in your particular circumstances. When are you legally required to disclose your HIV status?
If the card has an earlier expiry date written on it, consumers will still get the Under the Australian Consumer Law and Fair Trading Act , the supplier.
What do the new intimate image laws do? When can someone be charged under the new intimate image laws? WA Police will not have the power to investigate intimate image complaints which occurred prior to that date. The new laws have made it an offence to distribute an intimate image without the consent of the person in the image. This includes one to one sharing, posting on social media or through the regular mail , uploading to websites, or photocopying images and then displaying it where others can see; and sending images by text or mobile telephone applications.
Distribution has a broad meaning and does not refer only to digital or electronic images and the use of social media. Distribute an intimate image of a person means:. Under the new laws, it is an offence to distribute the intimate image of a person unless that person has given their consent freely and voluntarily. Consent is not freely and voluntarily given if it is obtained by force, threat, intimidation, deceit or any fraudulent means. A person who gives consent to the distribution of a particular intimate image on one occasion does not automatically consent to that image or any other image being distributed on other occasions — nor do they automatically consent to it being distributed by any other person.
Under the new intimate images offences, a person who is under 16 years of age cannot consent to the distribution of an intimate image.
HIV/AIDS Legal Centre Inc. (NSW)
Fernanda practised law for eight years, working in criminal defence, child protection and domestic violence law in the Northern Territory. She also practised in family law after moving to Brisbane in Every state and territory of Australia has different criminal laws and therefore, different laws relating to the age of consent.
Deciding to have sex with someone is a big decision. If you think that you are ready to have sex, it is important that you know what the law says about how old you have to be to be able to legally agree to have sex. Remember, it is never okay for someone to force you to have sex without your permission — you have the right to say no at any time. The age of consent is the age at which the law says you can agree to have sex. If you are under the age of consent, the law says that you cannot legally agree to have sex, and any person that has sex with you has broken the law.
In NSW, the age of consent is If you are 16 years old, another person can have sex with you if you agree to it unless they are your carer or supervisor—see section on sex with a carer or supervisor below. BUT, there is a legal defence available to you if you have sex with another person who is 14 or 15 years old if you are less than 2 years older than them and the other person agreed to it. According to this defence, if you are aged years old, you can legally agree to have sex with another person who is less than 2 years older than you as long as you both agree to it.
Age of consent laws
The ACCC is publishing comprehensive and up to date information about consumer rights, refunds, and what to do in the event of travel and other event cancellations as a result of the COVID outbreak. Find out about your rights as a consumer and how the Australian Consumer Law can offer you protection as a consumer. Find out what standards are covered in the Australian Consumer Law and what you need to do as a business to uphold those standards.
Businesses and consumers should be aware that from 1 November new Australian Consumer Law gift card provisions will be in place.
Certain Commonwealth legislation prohibits the collection, recording, use and to make sure that the personal information we collect and store is accurate, up-to-date, The Privacy (Australian Government Agencies – Governance) APP Code.
Parties and lawyers to a class action can register on the Commonwealth Courts Portal CCP to access information about the case, including documents filed, scheduled listing events and orders made. Accessibility Links Skip to main navigation Skip to sub navigation Skip to main content. Search Field. Powers of a Registrar.
Court Sitting Dates 3 February – 18 December. Email Updates Register to receive daily court lists by email soon after they are published. Judges’ Speeches Including Welcome and Farewell ceremonies. What is a Notice to Produce? Appeals From courts From other bodies Full Courts. Case Management Handbook.
Relationships Australia is a leading provider of relationship support services for individuals, families and communities. We aim to support all people in Australia to achieve positive and respectful relationships. We are a community-based, not-for-profit Australian organisation with no religious affiliations. Our services are for all members of the community, regardless of religious belief, age, gender, sexual orientation, lifestyle choice, cultural background or economic circumstances.
We are a federation of service providers in each Australian state and territory and have a national office based in Canberra.
Under the Australian Consumer Law, you have certain rights to cancel a service. not delivered within a reasonable time when there is no agreed end date.
We all have sexual rights and responsibilities. We all have the right to decide when, where, in what situation, and with who we would like to be sexual with. We all have the responsibility to make sure that the people we want to be sexual with actively consent to whatever sexual activities you do together. People might consent to one thing or a few things, but not to others. People might consent to begin with, and then change their mind.
Sexual consent means only doing something sexual because everyone involved really wants to and are making an active choice to be involved and continue, not because anyone is feeling pressured or unsure. Consent is all about free and voluntary agreement which means that for consent to be present, the law says that people must:. The law is clear that we should never assume someone is consenting.
We should never assume that a person is consenting because they have said yes at other times or because of their reputation or the way they act or dress. People can show sexual consent by words or actions. We all have the right to react in different ways. Going on could be sexual assault. Are they showing enjoyment?
Age of consent
If you are aged years old, you can legally have sex with another person who is less than 2 years older than you (as long as you both.
He pleaded guilty to one count of having unlawful sexual intercourse with a girl, 13, in February this yea r after an all-ages party in the city. Huerta had met the girl earlier that month at Marble Bar, sparking sexually explicit Facebook interactions during which she claimed she was 14 years old. Lawyers for Huerta said their client and the girl agreed to have sex — even though she could not lawfully consent, and he was aware of her youth — in his bed at his home. Judge Davey said she doubted the school class in the gallery understood their burgeoning sexuality could lead to criminal charges.
The legal age of consent for having sexual intercourse in South Australia is The age of consent rises to 18 if one of the parties is in a position of authority over the other, such as a teacher, priest or doctor. Any person convicted of a child sex charge is subject to the becomes a registrable offender under the Child Sex Offenders Registration Act.
JUDGE Rosemary Davey has bemoaned the lack of public debate about underage sex, but her sentencing of a year-old male offender quickly inflamed community passions. Reader reaction to the story on advertiser. Yet for all the sex education going on in schools and youth groups , precious little — if any — time is spent di scussing the criminality of teenage liaisons. I ncreased e ducation is surely the answer — it will not stop every teen rendezvous , of course, but it might just caus e a few growi ng sober minds to stop and think.